Basic Computer Skills

basic computer skills

Basic Computer Skills are a fundamental requirement in today’s digital technological world. Computer literacy is essential whether you are looking for a job, communicating with friends and family, or simply trying to stay informed or are self-employed. In this article, read some of the most important basic computer skills that everyone should possess for outstanding performance.

Post Highlights:

  • What is a computer?
  • Operating System Familiarity
  • Internet Browsing
  • Typing Skills
  • Word Processing
  • Spreadsheets
  • File Management
  • Email Skills
  • Security and Privacy
  • Basic Troubleshooting
  • Video Conferencing
  • Basic Photoshop
  • Improve Basic Computer Skills

What is a computer?

A computer is an electronic machine that can find, arrange, and store information, calculate amounts, and control other machines in an efficient and smart manner.

Operating System Familiarity

The initial step of using a computer is to understand the operating system. It is software that manages the computer’s hardware and software resources. Some of the popular operating systems are Windows, macOS, and Linux. Computer users should be familiar with the basic functions of the operating system. They include creating and saving files, how to navigate through the file system, and accessing system settings.

Internet Browsing

The internet is a vast network of information and services. People can access it through web browsers such as Google Chrome, Firefox, Safari, etc. Basic computer skills include the ability to navigate the internet, search for information, and use common online services such as social media, email, online shopping, and others.

Keyboard Typing Skills

Being the most essential basic computer skill, it involves using the keyboard to input text into an email, document, or web page. The basic typing skills involve using all ten fingers to type, with a reasonable typing speed (at least 40 words per minute). The faster and more accurately you type, the more efficient you will be at using a computer.

Word Processing

Word processing involves creating and editing documents using software such as Microsoft Word, Google Docs, or Apple Pages. This includes inserting images, using templates, creating and formatting text, and saving documents in different formats.

Data Spreadsheets

For organizing and analyzing data, spreadsheets are a useful tool. The consists of creating and editing spreadsheets, formatting cells, entering data, and using basic functions such as sum and average.

File Management

This involves organizing files and folders on a computer’s hard drive or other storage devices. Besides this, it includes moving and copying files, creating and renaming folders, and deleting unwanted files.

Email Skills

Email is an essential communication tool for official work. The email skills involve setting up an email account, composing and sending emails, managing email folders, attaching files, and basic formatting features (bold and italic text).

Privacy and Security

This includes how to keep the computer and personal information safe and secure from third-party data-stealing software. Privacy skills include using strong passwords, avoiding suspicious emails and websites, and keeping antivirus software up-to-date.

Basic Troubleshooting

We all know that no computer system is perfect. The troubleshooting skills involve knowing how to troubleshoot common problems. They are checking connections, restart the computer, and identify and fix software issues.

Video Conferencing

This is an essential skill especially when people work from home or a distance. The skills include familiarity with video conferencing tools such as Zoom Microsoft Teams and Skype. Also, video phone calls, sharing screens, and giving a presentation online.

Basic Photoshop

This skill is an important factor in digital marketing jobs. Photoshop skills mean editing photos, creating posters, creating artwork, and creating professional marketing materials. It enhances overall work performance.

How to Improve Basic Computer Skills

The following steps will help you to improve basic computer skills-

1. Experiment

Try to experiment with different settings and features on the computer fearlessly. This will help to learn how different applications work and how to customize them to suit the needs.

2. Get Hands-on Experience

Try to get some hands-on experience by volunteering or interning at an organization that uses computers. This will impart practical experience and new learning skills.

3. Join Community Groups

The community group both online and in-person can help to connect with others, especially those who are interested in learning basic computer skills. This provides a large platform to ask questions, share tips, and learn from others.

4. Practice Often

Most importantly, use the computer regularly. Must practice typing, navigating the operating system, browsing the internet, and using various applications for familiarity with the different functions.

5. Read Tutorials/Manuals

Read tutorials and user manuals that come with most software applications for candid usage instructions and practice using the software.

6. Take Online Courses

Various free and paid online courses can teach basic computer skills. Aspiring people can search for these courses on platforms such as Coursera, Udemy, and LinkedIn Learning.

7. Ask for Help

Finally, do not hesitate to ask for help when you need it. For this, you may contact many online forums and communities for asking questions and get help with basic computer skills.


Basic computer skills are essential in today’s digital world for exceeding in career race and office management. The above-mentioned computer skills such as operating system familiarity, word processing, typing skills, spreadsheets, email skills, internet browsing, file management, security and privacy, basic troubleshooting, basic photoshop, and video conferencing are useful in many ways. By mastering these skills, individuals can increase their efficiency and productivity on a computer and keep personal information and computer systems secure.

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